9. February 2016

OA2020 Expression of Interest


Building on the Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities and on the progress that has been achieved so far, we are pursuing the large-scale implementation of free online access to, and largely unrestricted use and re-use of scholarly research articles.

We recognize and endorse various ways of implementing open access (OA), including the development of new OA publishing platforms, archives and repositories. In scholarly journal publishing, OA has gained a substantial and increasing volume. Most journals, however, are still based on the subscription business model with its inherent deficiencies in terms of access, cost-efficiency, transparency, and restrictions of use.

To gain the full benefits of OA and enable a smooth, swift and scholarly oriented transition, the existing corpus of scholarly journals should be converted from subscription to open access. Recent developments and studies indicate that this transition process can be realized within the framework of currently available resources.

With this statement, we express our interest in establishing an international initiative for the OA transformation of scholarly journals, and we agree upon the following key aspects:

  • We aim to transform a majority of today’s scholarly journals from subscription to OA publishing in accordance with community-specific publication preferences. At the same time, we continue to support new and improved forms of OA publishing.
  • We will pursue this transformation process by converting resources currently spent on journal subscriptions into funds to support sustainable OA business models. Accordingly, we intend to re-organize the underlying cash flows, to establish transparency with regard to costs and potential savings, and to adopt mechanisms to avoid undue publication barriers.
  • We invite all parties involved in scholarly publishing, in particular universities, research institutions, funders, libraries, and publishers to collaborate on a swift and efficient transition for the benefit of scholarship and society at large.

Specific steps and milestones for the transformation process shall be outlined in a roadmap to be further developed in the course of this initiative. We see the initiative as one element of a more profound evolution of the academic publishing system that will lead to major improvements in scholarly communication and research evaluation.


The following scholarly organizations have officially signed the Expression of Interest. Have a look at the world map of signatories.

Further parties that have formally declared their endorsement are listed at the bottom of this page.

OrganizationCountries and RegionsDate
Central University of Technology (CUT), Free StateSouth Africa2023-04-04
MALMAD (Inter-University Center for Digital Information Services)Israel2022-03-10
University of WorcesterUnited Kingdom2021-10-20
Kenya Libraries and Information Services Consortium (KLISC)Kenya2021-09-17
National Research Foundation of Korea (NRFK)South Korea2021-06-15
University of BarcelonaSpain2021-03-23
Training Centre in CommunicationKenya2021-03-15
Canadian Research Knowledge Network (CRKN)Canada2021-03-01
Center for Research Libraries (CRL)United States of America2020-11-18
Austrian Academy of SciencesAustria2020-10-30
SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library OnlineBrazil2020-10-11
University of AlbertaCanada2020-09-17
University of the Free StateSouth Africa2020-04-06
Fiji National UniversityFiji2020-04-03
Electronic Information For Librarians (EIFL)Lithuania2020-03-09
Scientific and Technical Library, Dnipro National University of Railway TransportUkraine2020-02-12
The State Scientific and Technical Library of UkraineUkraine2020-02-10
California Digital LibraryUnited States of America2020-01-13
Freie Universität BerlinGermany2019-11-14
University of California, IrvineUnited States of America2019-05-08
University of Texas Southwestern Medical CenterUnited States of America2019-03-19
Guangxi University of Chinese MedicineP. R. China2019-03-18
Southern University of Science and Technology LibraryP. R. China2019-03-06
University of California, Santa BarbaraUnited States of America2019-03-06
Sun Yat-sen Library of Guangdong ProvinceP. R. China2019-02-12
The Da Vinci Institute For Technology ManagementSouth Africa2019-01-29
University of California, San Diego
United States of America2019-01-25
University of Abomey-CalaviBenin2019-01-19
Guangxi University of Science and Technology LibraryP. R. China2019-01-19
Nanjing Normal University LibraryP. R. China2019-01-16
National School of Government
South Africa2019-01-16
Université des Montagnes (UdM)Cameroon2019-01-15
Fudan University LibraryP.R. China2019-01-15
Ukana West 2 Community Based Health Initiative (CBHI), Primary Health Centre
University of JosNigeria2019-01-08
Busitema UniversityUganda2019-01-08
Imo State UniversityNigeria2019-01-07
University of California, Santa CruzUnited States of America2019-01-07
China University of Mining and Technology LibraryP. R. China2019-01-06
Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research Organization
Xi'an Jiaotong-Liverpool University LibraryP. R. China2018-12-20
Nanjing University LibraryP. R. China2018-12-16
Sichuan University LibraryP. R. China2018-12-10
Tsinghua University LibraryP. R. China2018-11-21
Peking University LibraryP. R. China2018-11-16
Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN)Italy2018-10-23
Australasian Open Access Strategy Group (AOASG)Australia2018-09-24
Royal Danish LibraryDenmark2018-06-26
Hellenic Academic Libraries LinkGreece2018-06-08
Institute of Mediterranean Forest EcosystemsGreece2018-04-02
Wayne State UniversityUnited States of America2018-03-21
University of California Los AngelesUnited States of America2018-03-20
University of California RiversideUnited States of America2018-03-14
Iowa State University LibraryUnited States of America2018-03-08
University of North TexasUnited States of America2018-02-20
Guangdong Science and Technology LibraryP. R. China2018-02-07
National Electronic Information Consortium (NEICON)Russian Federation2018-01-31
National Taiwan Normal University LibraryChinese Taipei2018-01-24
Agricultural Information Institute (AII), Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS)P. R. China2018-01-19
Technical University of KenyaKenya2017-12-17
WWU MünsterGermany2017-12-11
Researchers Group of Solid State Physics JapanJapan2017-12-01
National and University Library of IcelandIceland2017-11-09
ShanghaiTech University LibraryP. R. China2017-10-30
National Science and Technology Library (NSTL)P. R. China2017-10-26
National Science Library (NSL), Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS)P. R. China2017-10-24
ZB MED - Information Centre for Life ScienceGermany2017-10-23
King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) University LibraryKingdom of Saudi Arabia2017-09-27
Chemnitz University of TechnologyGermany2017-09-19
University of California MercedUnited States of America2017-09-19
Hungarian Electronic Information Service National ProgrammeHungary2017-07-13
University of PotsdamGermany2017-05-18
The Association of Swedish Higher Education (SUHF)Sweden2017-05-11
CAPES (Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior)Brazil2017-04-13
Leipzig UniversityGermany2017-03-27
University of California BerkeleyUnited States of America2017-03-20
University of California DavisUnited States of America2017-03-20
University of California San FranciscoUnited States of America2017-03-20
Göttingen State and University Library (SUB)Germany2017-03-16
Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU)Norway2017-03-15
Qatar National LibraryQatar2017-03-15
South African National Library and Information Consortium (SANLiC)South Africa2017-03-01
Swedish Research Council (Vetenskapsrådet)Sweden2017-02-07
Norwegian Institute of Bioeconomy Research (NIBIO)Norway2017-01-23
The Conference of Italian University Rectors (CRUI)Italy2017-01-18
National Library of Technology, PragueCzech Republic2016-11-27
Bavarian Academy of Sciences and HumanitiesGermany2016-10-20
University of Witwatersrand, JohannesburgSouth Africa2016-10-10
Belgorod State UniversityRussian Federation2016-09-28
German National Library of Science and Technology (TIB)Germany2016-09-26
Collegium ArtiumPoland2016-09-24
University of Library Studies and Information Technologies (UniBIT)Bulgaria2016-09-08
German Quaternary Association (DEUQUA)Germany2016-08-23
The Czech Academy of SciencesCzech Republic2016-08-22
Federal Institute for Vocational Education and Training (BIBB)Germany2016-08-15
MAGNANIMITAS Assn.Czech Republic2016-08-12
JUSTICE: Japan Alliance of University Library Consortia for E-ResourcesJapan2016-08-09
Swiss Academy of Humanities and Social SciencesSwitzerland2016-08-02
Mainzer WissenschaftsallianzGermany2016-07-26
Hugo Grotius gGmbH - gemeinnützige Gesellschaft zur Förderung der RechtswissenschaftenGermany2016-07-20
Covenant University, OtaNigeria2016-07-20
The Norwegian Institute of Palaeography and Historical PhilologyNorway2016-07-20
California State University, NorthridgeUnited States of America2016-07-20
University of TwenteNetherlands2016-06-14
Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz Germany2016-06-02
Stockholm UniversitySweden2016-06-02
Open Access IndiaIndia2016-05-20
World Meteorological Organization (WMO)International2016-05-12
Radboud University, Nijmegen Netherlands2016-05-10
University of KasselGermany2016-04-27
Technische Universität BraunschweigGermany2016-04-26
Stiftelsen Riksbankens JubileumsfondSweden2016-04-22
JiscUnited Kingdom2016-04-22
FinELib consortiumFinland2016-04-20
Vrije Universiteit AmsterdamNetherlands2016-04-19
Wikimedia NorgeNorway2016-04-13
Institute of Science and Technology Austria (IST Austria)Austria2016-04-06
Universidad de Santiago de Chile (USACH)Chile2016-04-01
Bielefeld UniversityGermany2016-03-31
ANKOS (Anatolian University Libraries Consortium)Turkey2016-03-28
National Library of KoreaSouth Korea2016-03-24
German Society for Pre- and Protohistory (DGUF)Germany2016-03-23
Swiss National Science Foundation SNSFSwitzerland2016-03-23
European Geosciences Union (EGU)Europe2016-03-22
Austrian Science Fund (FWF)Austria2016-03-21
Denmark′s Electronic Research Library (DEFF)Denmark2016-03-21
European University Association (EUA)Europe2016-03-21
Alexander von Humboldt FoundationGermany2016-03-21
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG)Germany2016-03-21
Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft (FhG)Germany2016-03-21
German Council of Science and Humanities (Wissenschaftsrat)Germany2016-03-21
German National Academy of Sciences LeopoldinaGermany2016-03-21
German Rectors′ Conference (HRK)Germany2016-03-21
Helmholtz AssociationGermany2016-03-21
Leibniz Association
Max Planck Society (MPG)Germany2016-03-21
Foundation TelethonItaly2016-03-21
Association of Universities in the Netherlands (VSNU)Netherlands2016-03-21
Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO)Netherlands2016-03-21
UKB (Dutch consortium of the thirteen university libraries and the National Library of the Netherlands)Netherlands2016-03-21
Current Research Information System In Norway (CRIStin)Norway2016-03-21
Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied SciencesNorway2016-03-21
UiT The Arctic University of Tromsø Norway2016-03-21
University of BergenNorway2016-03-21
University of OsloNorway2016-03-21
Foundation for Science and Technology FCTPortugal2016-03-21
CODESouth Korea2016-03-21
KISTI (Korea Institute of Science and Technology Information)South Korea2016-03-21
Seoul National University Library (SNU Library)South Korea2016-03-21
Geological Survey of Spain (IGME)Spain2016-03-21
Institute of Health Carlos IIISpain2016-03-21
National Institute for Agronomic Research (INIA)
Spanish National Research Council (CSIC)
National Library of Sweden Sweden2016-03-21
Pontifical Academies of Sciences and Social SciencesVatican City2016-03-21


Further parties have declared their endorsement:

Knowledge EUnited Arab Emirates2022-06-27
Shanghai Jiao Tong University Journal Center P. R. China2020-04-03
Chronos HubDenmark2020-02-12
Sciencepaper OnlineP. R. China2019-03-27
Centre for Budget and Policy StudiesIndia2019-03-15
Ubiquity PressUnited States of America2019-02-03
LE BELLE LETTEREItaly2019-01-09
Cogitatio PressPortugal2018-10-12
ORVIUM OÜ - Open and Transparent Science Powered by BlockchainEstonia2018-07-08
Webpublishers AssociationRussian Federation2017-12-04
Ariadna EdicionesChile2017-11-01
MDPI (Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute)Switzerland2017-01-04
ACIB GmbH - Austrian Centre of Industrial BiotechnologyAustria2016-08-30
SciemceeUnited Kingdom2016-08-08
Copernicus GmbHGermany2016-06-01